Home Interior reconstruction

Many people are looking for a shade in hot summer days to relax and refresh, to read a book or to enjoy a nice evening with their friends.

Of course, there are various solutions available in the building and garden stores in the form of umbrellas or canopies, but these solutions are not complex, not to mention the quality of the overall design and materials.

The garden terrace of your house is an outdoor living space and that is why it needs the right solution in a form of a pergola.

A pergola solves the complex shielding and roofing of the terrace and protects it against the direct sunlight or rain in a form of a lamella roof or a fabric canopy.


As to pergolas, an important factor on the exposed locations, which are not protected by a building, is the protection of the side area from the rain, wind and the low evening sun (that neither an umbrella, nor an awning can offer). The protection is implemented by roller shutters made of a screen fabric or a PVC foil. However, you have to take into account that pergolas do not serve as a protection against snow. In winter, it is necessary to let the shielding retracted or opened. The coating of the structure, the mechanical parts and the fabrics used for the shielding are made with respect to the outdoor use and they can withstand even the aggressive salty seaside environment.


A Quality Construction Of A Pergola

The structure of a quality pergola is made of extruded aluminium profiles or of impregnated Scandinavian pine. A pergola like this is not a temporary solution, but it becomes a part of your house and it creates an outdoor living space that will serve for many years as well as for the next generations.

The pergolas can have various types of structure; they can be stand-alone self-supporting structures on four pillars, or they can be installed adjacent to a wall (they use the props of the wall and the two pillars). The structure may be square, but it can also have a sloping roof or a sloping front. The structure is equipped with an integrated system for collecting and draining of rainwater. The base of the construction can essentially be in many colours and additionally, it can be painted in any colour of the RAL swatch according to the customer´s wish.


A Wide Range Of Accessories

A pergola can be equipped with a variety of accessories, such as the LED lighting, using LED strips or blocks in the supporting pillars which can change colour according to the RGB palette. The interior space can be equipped with the infra-heating, which can significantly extend your stay outside in cool summer evenings and in the autumn months.

The shielding control can be manual (depending on the model), but it is always recommended to use a motor drive in combination with a remote control, which gives you the right comfort and extends the life of the whole system. All electrical parts of the pergolas can also be operated by smart systems, e.g. by means of your tablet or your smartphone. There is also a wide range of outdoor furniture for the inner space of the pergola.


A bathtub or a shower – that is the question. If you are planning a reconstruction of your bathroom, it is probably the most frequently asked one. Let us try to solve the dilemma.

There are people who do not need to solve the question mentioned above. They are lucky enough not to be limited by the size of the bathroom and they can get both a bathtub and a shower. But many of you do not have this option and you need to be careful in this case. Do you love to have a bath, and spend a lot of time by them? Or do you prefer a quick and refreshing shower? Or you do not care, while the financial respect is more important for you? First, you need to answer all these questions to yourself.



Even A Shower Can Be Comfortable

Generally, a shower requires less space than a bathtub, so it is suitable mainly into small bathrooms, where enough place must remain for bathroom furniture. Moreover, you do not necessarily have to lose the comfort even in this case. If you are willing to spend more money, you can get a massage box, which can relieve stress and physical pain after a day of hard work or sport. In any case, keep in mind that the minimum dimensions for a shower box should be 80 x 80 cm, or better yet, 90 x 90 cm.


A Bathtub For The Fans Of Long Baths And Relaxation

This option naturally requires more space, 140 x 70 cm with for an oval bathtub or 125 x 125 cm for a bathtub corner (if you want to enjoy a really comfortable bath). Again, you can get a massage version here, which gives a whole new dimension to your bath. And if you need to take a shower only sometimes, you can buy a bath screen, which creates a combination between a bathtub and a shower.

And if you still cannot decide, look at the offers of the construction stores and the decorative goods in a store on online.

In recent years, the PVC floors have become very popular due to their long life, high durability and their favourable prices. Additionally, this type of flooring perfectly complements the modern lifestyle, it can make the overall housing more pleasant and it also ensures a healthy and clean environment.

If you are choosing a floor and considering what type you should buy, read on to learn about the features and benefits of PVC flooring.


What Is PVC Flooring Made Of?

The PVC floors are made of polyvinyl chloride, which is the second most widely used synthetic material in the world. As to their layers, the PVC floors can be divided into two types:

  • The heterogeneous PVC floors – these are floors, which are composed of several layers: from the wear layer, design layer, upper PVC layer, the carrier fibres and the lower PVC layer; they defer in their composition or their implementation; the last layer can also be made of PUR, which is easy to maintain; the heterogeneous PVC flooring is suitable for busy areas (e.g. in residential interiors, hospitals, offices, hotels etc.);
  • The homogeneous PVC floor – it is a flooring consisting of one layer; this type is very durable and it is ideal for high-traffic areas; it can be used e.g. in the entrance areas, in varied halls, hospitals, schools etc.; the homogeneous PVC floors are available only monochromatic or streaked.


The Properties Of PVC Flooring

The PVC floors have a lot of great features. Except from being very durable, flexible and stable, they are also resistant to moisture, and unlike other floor coverings, they do not expand nor shrink, they are warm and easy to install or maintain.


Advantages Of PVC Flooring:

  • flexible floor surface
  • dimensional stability and high resilience (e.g. against water, sunlight etc.)
  • good thermal and sound insulation
  • easy maintenance
  • purchase price only
  • suitable for allergy sufferers
  • option to install the underfloor heating


Where Can You Lay A PVC Floor?

The PVC floors are suitable for dry rooms. According to the type of the PVC flooring, it can be used in residential, community or medical rooms, in warehouses, in production halls and in other industrial spaces.


The Flexible (Softened) PVC Flooring

This type of PVC flooring features anti-static and anti-slip surface and it is a lifelike imitation of wood, tiles or stone.


The Rigid (Non-Softened) PVC Flooring

The floors made of rigid PVC are very resilient and they have a high abrasion resistance. They can be used especially in rooms such as kitchens or bathrooms, as well as various commercial spaces.


The PVC Flooring For Allergy Sufferers

The PVC flooring is a very good choice if you are an allergic sufferer. This type of flooring protects the interior perfectly against allergens and dust mites.


Choosing Of The PVC Flooring

If you have decided to buy PVC flooring, always follow the technical data sheets, when buying it. It gives you the characteristics of the specific PVC flooring (e.g. its thickness, durability, maximum load, colour fastness) and where the type should preferably be used. Then it is only up to you, what pattern, finish or colour you choose.


Installation Of A PVC Floor

The PVC floor is installed on a clean and dry surface only that is why it is necessary to remove the old flooring first and leave the PVC flooring in the room for at least 24 hours before the installation, so that it could acclimatize to the conditions in the room. During the actual installation, it is necessary to lay it flat and without folds.

The edges should overlap about 10 cm. After installing the PVC flooring, trim it and leave the expansion joints between the walls and flooring of about 1 mm.

The flooring can be installed in two different ways:

  • free laying, which is suitable for small rooms with dimensions up to 20 m²,
  • full-surface gluing, which is suitable for larger rooms.

When free laying the floor, fix it at the edges and joints with a tape and stick it to the surface. If full-surface gluing the floor, roll the PVC flooring up, apply the glue on the subfloor and align the PVC flooring. Then do the same on the rest of the floor, always working on a strip of about 1 m wide. After finishing the full-surface gluing, press the PVC flooring down well, or flatten it with a roller. Compared to the free laying of the flooring, you may not walk on the freshly installed floor immediately.

There are a lot of things you should know before you choose and install a floor covering. We are going to summarize the information about floors made of stone or wood planks, now.

There is a different type of flooring for every room in the house or in its immediate vicinity. Every floor covering has its advantages and pitfalls and you should know them before you buy the material. We are going to focus on stone and wood, now.

Stone is one of the oldest building materials: it is strong, it can withstand the wear and tear of time and, moreover, it is beautiful to look at and to touch. You can use the individual tiles or pavers, either rough (preferably the granite ones) for a patio or a garage, or finely machined and polished (these are used to create fascinating marble pattern in entrance halls.). If the stone is coarser, you have to accept the fact that you will be able to clean all the joints only on your knees with a scrubber and a lot of water – and the dirt will be back in a few days again.


The Materials For A Stone Floor

In addition to hard granite and decorative marble, sandstone is often used nowadays, because of its pleasant, warm colour (but with the disadvantage of lower abrasion resistance), as well as slate, which splits into slices easily. Try the basalt paving, which is proven in factories, on places, where a really high load is expected.


Installing A Stone Floor

You do not need to build any special anchoring for a stone floor, and if it is a paving the base needs to be aligned and even. The stone is very heavy and it will not be easy to lay it in upper floors without a massive static protection.

The stone also maintains heat for a long time, therefore it takes time to get warm, however it can retain the heat longer, too. The walls around the stone also hold moisture more, that is why you should plan the insulation and the painting well. The stone is outstanding as it is, so it would be a shame to cover its characteristic pattern with paint. And whereas it can withstand heavy load, it does not need any protective coating or finish.


Wooden Parquets, Boards And Joists

The forms of wooden floors are countless, as well as are the types of wood. The oak floor last the longest and it can also be used in wet areas, such as a bathroom, because oak hardens by the influence of water and becomes almost as hard as rock. And thanks to the technology of drying and laying of wood, the problems with large gaps, creaking and warping have almost disappeared. Unlike the stone, however, is necessary to treat the wood with a finish or oil base which prevents the penetration of dirt.

Wood can also be renovated several times by sanding and refinishing it, or by replacing of the individual damaged parts. Thanks to the various patterns, knots and shades, it is natural that every piece is different. A mosaic floor compiled from various types of wood looks interesting. However, you must pay attention to the different responses to heat and humidity. For the wood, likewise for a human, the temperature of 20 ° C at 60% humidity is ideal. Anyway, significant fluctuations from this optimum do not damage the wood.


Installing A Wooden Floor

There are two different ways to install a wooden floor. The floor boards or planks are laid on a grid made up of joists of approx 12 × 7 cm at intervals of about 0.5-0.7 m, between which insulation should be inserted. Because of the grids, the floor will be increased above the current level. It can be somewhat impractical in attic spaces, where every inch is needed. Contrariwise, the parquets are glued on a perfectly level surface.

The carpenters sort the wood not only by its quality and hardness, but also by the uniformity of the pattern (which has nothing to do with the quality of the wood itself). It can help you to choose a uniform floor or a surface with a distinctive pattern.

The term “floating floor” spread mainly in the 90´s and it means a floor made of the laminate or wooden pieces that are snapped or glued together. However, the technology of floating floors has been known for several decades already.

What is actually a floating floor? Simply said, it is a floor that is not connected to the walls around it, so it creates a significant sound isolation.


The Quality Is Determined By The Material Of The Carrier Layer

You cannot really evaluate the quality of the flooring at the first sight, it will not be apparent until about 6 – 12 month after the installation. The laminated floating consists of 3 layers: the upper laminate layer, the carrier layer and the stabilizing layer.

The finish top layer is not so determining for the quality of the floor (although its top resin, the melamine layer, causes the resistance against abrasion) as the carrier layer is.

Some of the laminate floorings have the carrier layer made of IMDF or MDF (medium density) boards, which are definitely not recommended. For the floating floors, we recommend only the floorings with a carrier layer made of HDF (very hard) board that is at least 8 mm thick. A floor does not usually lose its functionality because of the surface damage, but due to the instability of the carrier board. Some floors with the HDF layer also offer a protective impregnation against swelling on the edges (which are the most vulnerable parts), while other floors have the protection all over the board surface.


The User Classes Of The Floating Floors

Higher quality laminate floorings have several top layers, that is why they are extremely resistant to wear and surface damage (so they are especially suitable for pet owners). Vendors indicate the recommended level of load on the floor on the packages, which is called the user classes. There are 3 of them for the residential areas flooring:

AC1 – light duty, class 21 (recommended only for the minimally used spaces, such as a guest room),

AC2 – medium load, class 22 (children’s room, dining room),

AC3 – heavy-duty, class 23 (living room, corridors, interconnecting spaces).

Apart from the quality of the carrier board, you can also be guided by the guarantee offered. Check the guarantee carefully with your dealer, as it should be around 15 years. In this case, there is nothing to worry about.


Proper Installation Of A Floating Floor

It is especially important to comply with the optimal conditions and work procedures, so that the floor was really “floating” and functional.

The requirement is a precisely prepared, dry and really flat base (the tolerance is max. 2 mm by a random lay of a 2 m level).

If you install the flooring on a cast floor or a concrete subfloor, it is necessary to use a 0.2 mm thick polyethylene vapour barrier with the overlaps of min. 20 cm, or a glued or welded one.

Furthermore, it is necessary to use the underlay made of polyethylene foam (mirelon) of a sufficient thickness (min 2 mm).

These polyethylene pads must be pulled 20 mm up the walls for the wall trim, if you want a really floating floor, i.e. the one that is not in direct contact with the surrounding walls; a flexible underlay forms a sort of tray and prevents the sound transmission.

The compliance of the expansion gaps is crucial, and they should be min 1.5 cm, but rather 2 cm wide (away from the wall); otherwise over the time, the influence of temperature and the humidity changes will cause swelling of the floor and creating inequalities or even bumps.

To prevent the formation of unsightly gaps, it is important to thrust the tongues and grooves (the lock system) together firmly and carefully (the tolerance is max. 0.15 mm) by means of a special mounting ruler.

The factors also include the temperature and humidity during the installation (which must be according to the manufacturer’s recommendations); the material should be piled on the installation ground under the specified conditions and min. 48 hours before the installation.

If you plan to install the floor yourself, which is manageable for an average handyman with a little skill, be certain to follow all of the installation recommendations!

If you are going to hire a company for laying the floor, insist on keeping the construction documents (e.g. a single building dairy), which makes any complaints, when not satisfied with the result, dramatically easier.


Wood, Laminate Or Cork

The last thing is the choice of the material. You can choose a cheaper laminate flooring, a wooden flooring (however, keep the more demanding maintenance in mind) or you may be pleasantly surprised by the cork flooring. It has an extremely durable derivation known under the brand name marmoleum, which is the true linoleum (not PVC) made of cork flour and linseed oil.

Even though your old kitchen cabinets are still serving, you may be already tired of them. Or maybe your requirements have changed over the years, so you would like to upgrade your cabinets. Is it possible without significant problems?

It is crucial, what exactly you want to change, so let’s talk about the individual elements.


A Worktop

The replacement is not complicated. Uninstall the appliances and other elements, remove the old worktop, fasten a new one in place and install all the appliances, sink and taps back. First of all, you have to measure the worktop thoroughly.  When mounting a worktop made of stone, glass or ceramics, any additional adjustments are impossible. You can adjust the laminate or the solid wood ones to a certain extent, however you need the professional equipment and an experienced worker.

What Materials Are In? The selection is large, worktops can be made e.g. of laminate, glass, natural or artificial stone, wood or ceramics.


A New Sink

In this case, you can choose from a wide range of sizes, materials and ways of installation into the countertop. Attention must be paid to the size of the sink which is related to the size of the cabinet underneath it: the cabinet´s width is the maximum width of the sink. And if you want a smaller sink than you have now, you need to replace the worktop, as well.


Changing Of Taps

The taps can be changed virtually anytime, whether they are built into the sink, into the worktop or into the wall. When purchasing the taps, keep in mind the dimensions and try out in rough outline, how comfortable the work at the sink will be (e.g. compare the taps with the short and the long arm).


The Cabinets´ New “Guts” Or A More Comfortable Opening

Is it manageable to replace the old shelves with the modern retractable ones with the storage systems? Theoretically it is, but practically it is not common. You would have to dismantle the entire cabinet, have the necessary components installed in it, assemble it and install it back – provided the material of the cabinet can carry the load. ..

This solution is not recommended, not only for economic reasons, as a quality assembly e.g. of the running gear is implemented and guaranteed by the manufacturer of the cabinets. However, it is possible to replace a cabinet with another cabinet or to add additional storage space.

Likewise, the way of opening is solved during the assembly of the cabinets (not later): if you want the flaps or a more comfortable opening of the drawers, i.e. by simple touching or tapping.


There Is Never Too Much Light

Maybe you have not considered yet, if your work area is lighted well or if you can navigate in the cabinets easily. You can fix this issue later by installing an additional lighting, which may be placed on the rail above the worktop, below the bottom of the upper cabinets or by means of the LED strips. Some kinds of lights can be cut into the bottom of the cabinet, without having to remove the cabinet first.

However, you cannot update anything; this applies to the lights which have been mounted into the cabinets directly in the production (however, the glass bottom lights are practical).


The Backboard Between The Upper And The Lower Cabinets

Similar to replacing a worktop, a new backboard is one of the most widely implemented enhancements to an existing kitchen, which promises functionality and a significant visual change. If the base is flat and in good condition, you can stick the new material on the old one. Again, it is necessary to measure everything thoroughly, including the locations of the electrical outlets etc., since many materials cannot be adapted later.

The Glass Tiling – You can install new tiling made of tempered glass directly on the old one. It is advisable to degrease the old tiling with the soap water or technical alcohol before applying any special adhesives with high adhesion to various construction materials.


Replacing The Doors Or The Face Boards Only

Undoubtedly, you can revive an old kitchen with new cabinet doors, if they match the dimensions, hinges and their spacing. However keep in mind, that the doors generally mean the most expensive part of the kitchen cabinets.


The Built-In Appliances

The replacement seems to be easy, if you find the appliance, which corresponds to the measures of the old one. If the new dishwasher is lower than the old one, you can simply add the missing inches by a base. In addition to the measure, the structure of the appliance, the size of the doors and the type of hinges are important, too. It also holds for a fridge: the cabinet door can be hinged to the cabinet body or permanently attached to the door of the fridge.

And if your kitchen’s dimensions allow it, you can get a new cooking island additionally. It is especially suitable, if it will serve for preparing as well as for serving food, and it may be possibly equipped with a bar.

The old formica bathroom may not be the worst thing you have to solve during the reconstruction. In this case, a young couple (with the help of a construction company) had to deal with a bathroom in an old brick building.

The original owners were an elderly couple who hardly ever invested in the interior for the whole decades, they had been living here. That is why most of the fixtures were the original ones, including the bathtub, the sink, the gas heater and the tiles.

So the young couple had a simple decision: a complete reconstruction was necessary. Although the original idea of enlarging the space failed, they managed to customize the space so that a shower could be installed.

The next major change meant moving the gas heater, which also supplies the kitchen with hot water, from the bathroom on the toilet. Although the house has a central heating, the original project solved the water heating by a separate gas heater. This solution is, however, present in many apartments in old houses in the CR till today.

There was not enough space for a sufficiently large water boiler so a modern type of gas heater was chosen, which needed, however, a flue exhaust chimney leading up to the roof (the apartment was fortunately on the top floor of the house).

The modern gas heater does not depend on the supply of combustion air from the inner space of the house, so it was not a problem to place it into the small space of the toilet. However, this solution meant a higher purchase price of the appliance and an installation of a new flue.


Solving The Small Space

The third small space obtained by moving a partition wall, which was closed by a door, was equipped with a washing machine and a tumble dryer. This utility room would serve as storage for buckets, vacuum cleaners and other cleaning equipment.

However, the couple really wanted a shower, because they do a lot of sports, as well as a bathtub for their future kids. That is the why they finally decided to extend the bathroom with a shower enclosure. The shower was closed in a niche 120 cm wide by a glass door without a frame, so it looks quite inconspicuous.

The architect modified the project then: the washing machine was moved to the kitchen and the tumble dryer to the closet in the hallway, which was fixed with good ventilation and an electric outlet.

“Unfortunately, compromises cannot be avoided completely during a reconstruction”, an architect says.


The Safety And The Comfort

Even so, the space of the new bathroom and the toilet was quite small. To enlarge it visually, the owners chose glossy white wall tiles, dark anthracite floor tiles complemented by mosaic areas. The white tiles enlarge the space visually and they are a timeless solution, which can easily be completed with colours using towels and other accessories. The interesting mix of mosaics and large pavers proved to be better than the originally planned simple mosaic.

The modern gas heater is only 25 cm deep and it is covered by a made-to-measure door, it is located inside the toilet room. Both the door and the hanging cabinets connected to the sink have a glossy finish.

The owners chose a high type of the doors (210 cm) in the whole apartment, which help to enlarge the space visually. The doors have a special “climate” finish, which protects them from the moisture. The edges of the door in the bathroom are covered by aluminium rails which looks luxurious, when the door is opened. A mechanical damage of the edges is nearly impossible.

For a greater comfort, both a hand shower and a head shower were installed.  In a brick house like this, the owners could afford a gutter instead of a shower tray. It was possible to place the sewer branch so that the outflow was lower, which is rarely possible in the prefabricated houses.

There is neither a heating ladder, nor the original radiator in the bathroom as the owners preferred a floor heating.

The reconstruction of the bathrooms was part of the overall reconstruction. In a case like this, you have to take the new wiring and tile installation in account, which requires some time as good work cannot be done in haste.

In the bathroom, the mirror is indispensable and the glass shelves and screens are also well known and popular. However, there can be also other glass objects in the bathroom. We are going to give you some information, which parts of the bathroom equipment can be made of glass and which of them you can buy for your home.

Do you like glass in the bathroom? It makes the space lighter, it makes some objects subtler while it highlights others, and it is certain to increase the whole design level of the space.

In addition to small accessories (such as soap holder, cups or shelves), the screens around the bathtub and the bathroom mirrors, other parts of the bathroom can be made of glass, as well. The glass wall panels, more or less open screens and mosaics are increasingly popular. Glass is also used for furniture, sometimes even for the sanitary equipment, the lighting andr the door.


You Need Not To Be Afraid

The glass is practical, as it mostly forms a smooth surface that is easy to maintain. The glass used for larger areas is made firmer by hardening, so that it becomes almost unbreakable during normal use. It can be easily combined with other materials. The stained glass does not fade its colour while the clear glass brightens the space. If you solve the problem of the lack of light, a skylight or a glass door will be helpful. And finally, the glass can take over the function of the lighting in part.


The Charming Accessories And The Mirrors

Even by replacing some small elements, your bathroom´s look may improve noticeably.

If you want to choose several accessories, make sure they are not in various designs and implementations.  Do not combine rounded shapes with sharp shapes or clear glass with matte glass, you should also pay attention to the unification of the chrome parts. The mirrors can be replaced easily. If you want to enlarge the room visually, use the mirrors without the frames.


The Furniture

The glass shelves as well as the galleries with storage space are common in the bathrooms. Glass can however be also used for the furniture, usually on its front surface. The glass can carry a graphic motif or a LED diode strip, which is designed for wet conditions, an expert says.

The glass panes are a clever solution, too. Glass and artificial stone are the best materials for the wash basin boards. Other materials get damaged through normal use or they are sensitive to prolonged exposure to water, a designer adds.


The Traditional And The Modern Tiles

You can line the walls with mosaics, however the new trend prefers large glass tiles, which are usually stuck to the wall (you can stick them even on the existing ceramic tiles, provided they are even and technically sound). They have no joints, which could keep dirt or mould in, and they can be decorated with any motif.


The Sanitary Equipment Differently

The basins made of tempered safety glass are the most frequent. The conventional minor bumps do not damage them unless hit heavily, when a crack appears at the point of the impact. However, the basin will not break into pieces and it will always retain its shape.


To The Bath Or To The Shower

The screen can have many forms: it can be fixed, partially fixed or entirely movable. You can combine the solid panel with the hinged one and the shapes are numerous, too. The glass panel can sometimes work as a dividing element, which partially divides the space. Glass can be chosen in many variants: it can be clear, frosty, stained, sandblasted or it can have a decorative motif.

The glass can have different kinds of surfaces, which make its maintenance easier. They include the anti-plaque treatment, which causes the water to flow down in trickles, so it flows faster and does not leave any drops. The sediments from the water still get partially captured on the glass, but they can be cleaned more easily.

The “Anti Calc” treatment prevents the scale and the condensation of water vapour from forming; they both lead to the unsightly drops and “maps” on the glass.

The mirrors can have the anti-fog treatment.


The Benefits Of Clear Glass

The clear glass does not create a visual barrier in the room. For example, a small bathroom with a glass shower screen looks more open than if you used a shower curtain or a brick partition.


The Nanotechnology

The nanotech products can be applied retroactively virtually on every surface which is clean and free of grease, including the surfaces in the bathroom. They contain nanoparticles, which fill every microscopic unevenness of the surface and create a protective film, on that nothing gets stuck. This kind of surface is also antibacterial.


The sliding doors can be the best solution in many different cases. However, people often do not remember them at all and they look for other more conservative solutions, instead.

Sometimes all you need is just to think a little unconventionally. How do you know that the sliding doors are right for you? Try to follow these rules.


An Optional Boundary

Sometimes you want the kitchen to be connected to the living room and sometimes you need to separate them, both in sound and emotionally. The sliding doors eliminate the need of choosing and enable you the solution, which is suitable at the moment.

In a similar way, you can separate optionally a staircase, a small chamber in the kitchen or any other space, which should be easily accessible, but you do not want to have it in sight all the time.


A New Face Of The Old Closet

Whether you store the clothes in a closet or you are the lucky owner of a cloakroom, the sliding doors were made for this case, as well. There are low demands on the sound insulation, but usually the space is lacking. Additionally, the sliding door can serve as a decoration which does not occupy any extra space.

You can have the sliding doors made to measure and solve them in an interesting spirit of art, or you can simply prefer the Japanese style of minimalism.


The Designer´s Trick

There is a trick of optical enlargement of a small window: you just extend the curtain rod so that the opened curtains do not get in the window opening. You can do a similar “magic” with the sliding doors.

With the sliding door, you can also enrich an ugly little passage to an adjacent room, or to change the look of a small alcove that serves as storage.


The Mobile Walls In An Open Apartment

The trend of open-space living is still in and it will probably continue to be, because the loft apartments have their undeniable charm. A frequent argument against them says they lack privacy; however, you can do something with it.

The sliding doors need not be only the doors, they can simply become a wall. In this case, it is a mobile wall determined to variably change the look of a large continuous space. A system of sliding panels like this will actually create the feel that you have several apartments, each of them with a different layout.


The Decoration

The sliding panel is one of the best options, if you want to combine the use value with the aesthetic value. However, it does not mean, you cannot use it purely for the decorative purposes.

It is also an interesting way of displaying a mural artwork in the room. Even in the past in townhouses, a system of paintings hung on pulleys from the ceiling was used, so that the paintings could be moved as desired. Now you can make something similar with a decorative panel, which was originally intended to be a partition.

Planning a stairway inside a finished building is always a balance between the comfort and the area (in m²). Before starting it, you should ask yourself a few important questions:

Do you own a house or a duplex apartment (a maisonette)? Are you considering, which type of stairway would complement your interior the best without occupying too much usable space?

If you do, we are going to give you some tips and advices on how to connect the floors with the optimal use of space.

Before deciding to contract a specialized company for the implementation of the staircase, you should consider several aspects of the construction, since it is very difficult to do any changes in an already completed staircase.


The Important Aspects Of A Staircase

The most important thing is planning the space properly. It means that you should have an idea of how you are going to use the space around and under the stairs. A sufficiently large area should be defined for stairs, so that they meet the parameters for safe walking.

In particular, it is the slope of the stair bending, the proportions between the steps, the width of the individual steps (which should be around 30 cm) and their height (between 15 and 18 cm). These are the parameters enabling comfortable walking. In case you do not have too much space and yet you want the stairs in your apartment, you can choose a simpler staircase with a steeper slope.


Do Not Forget The Railing

Another important element, when making a staircase, is the railings, which should not be missing if you live in a house with children or elderly people. Even the railings have their parameters.  The cross pieces should be spaced about 13 cm and the handle should be at a height of about 110 cm over each individual step. After solving these technical parameters, you can proceed to the aesthetic aspect.


The Staircase As The Dominant Or A Supplement?

The appearance is another important feature of your staircase as it determines whether the staircase will be an eye attracting dominant or merely a practical piece connecting the floors. You can choose from a variety of materials. You can have the stairs made of glass, metal, wood, but also of brick lined with wood, ceramic or stone. The return to natural materials is trendy now. The typology is diverse, as well; the most common are the spindle, the rotary and the spine staircases.


The Price Of The Staircase

The price depends on its shape, type and the material used; the assembling is likely to be charged separately, in a contract. The home staircases can be acquired only individually by means of contracts. A part of the payment is usually carried out in advance and the rest of it is paid after the completion of the work.


Does The Staircase Create A Usable Space?

The last decisions you have to make before the actual implementation is the use of the space in close proximity of the staircase. The space underneath it, in particular, is effectively used very often. At this location, you can set up a cloakroom or a chamber, where seasonal things can be stored and hidden. However, if the area is larger, you can also use the space as a study or you can accommodate a part of the kitchen units there (of course only in the case the stairs are a part of the kitchen).

It is very often to have built-in wardrobes or shelving systems made under stately staircases, as they can also be hidden by means of a curtain, a sliding door or shutters. If you want the staircase (not the space underneath it) to attract the attention, you can have only a small niche for a flowers or books made under the stairs. A very luxury solution is a tailor-made wine fridge under the stairs.


The Basic Questions

How and where will you enter the staircase? Will it be near the entrance door, the door to the basement or another room?

Do you want your stairs to be more open or do you prefer it to be hidden? How much and from which angle should it be seen?

Will the staircase open into the hallway or an open space?

Is it possible to devote a small room (or a part of a room) in the ground floor to the staircase?

If the staircase does not fit in any place inside the body of the house, is it possible to plan an external staircase?